How do people celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival?

1 25 Jun 23

The Dragon Boat Festival, also known as Duanyang Festival, Dragon Boat Festival is held on the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar every year. The Dragon Boat Festival originated from the worship of natural phenomena and evolved from the sacrifice of dragons in ancient times. Legend has it that Qu Yuan, a poet of the Chu State during the Warring States period, committed suicide by jumping into the Miluo River on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. Later generations also regard the Dragon Boat Festival as a festival to commemorate Qu Yuan.


The Dragon Boat Festival, together with the Spring Festival, Ching Ming Festival, and Mid-Autumn Festival, are known as the four major traditional festivals in China. The Dragon Boat Festival culture has a wide influence in the world, and some countries and regions in the world also have activities to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival. In May 2006, the State Council included it in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list; since 2008, it has been listed as a national statutory holiday. In September 2009, UNESCO officially approved its inclusion in the "Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity", and the Dragon Boat Festival became China's first festival selected into the world's intangible cultural heritage.


The Dragon Boat Festival has mixed a variety of folk customs in its historical development and evolution. Due to different regional cultures, there are differences in the content or details of customs in different parts of the country. The customs of the Dragon Boat Festival mainly include picking dragon boats, picking herbs, hanging wormwood and calamus, worshiping gods and ancestors, washing herbal medicine, drinking water at noon, soaking dragon boats in water, eat zongzi, releasing paper kites, watching dragon boats, tying five-color silk threads, wear sachets and so on. Dragon boat racing is very popular in the southern coastal areas of China. After spreading abroad, it has been loved by people from all over the world and formed an international competition. The custom of eating zongzi during the Dragon Boat Festival has been popular all over China since ancient times, and has become one of the most influential and widespread folk eating customs of the Chinese nation. During the Dragon Boat Festival, traditional folk activities and performances can not only enrich the spiritual and cultural life of the masses, but also inherit and promote traditional culture.


Next, let's learn more about the common Dragon Boat Festival activities


Dragon boat racing:



Dragon boat racing has a long history and is a group paddling competition for many people. The dragon boat race is divided into several sections, such as inviting the dragon, offering sacrifices to the dragon god, traveling the dragon and harvesting the dragon. Before the dragon boat race, a grand sacrificial ceremony is generally held. First, the dragon must be invited and the gods sacrificed. Before the Dragon Boat Festival, it is necessary to choose an auspicious day to get out of the water. After offering sacrifices to the gods, install the dragon head and tail, and then prepare for the race. Fujian and Taiwan go to the Mazu Temple to worship. In the past, when people sacrificed to the Dragon God, the atmosphere was very serious, and they prayed for blessings, good weather and good luck in everything. In Zigui, Qu Yuan's hometown in Hubei, there is also a ceremony of rowing a dragon boat to worship Qu Yuan.


Hanging wormwood and calamus:


Arranging all kinds of flowers and plants on the Dragon Boat Festival that can exorcise evil spirits and cure diseases has a long history. People regard inserting wormwood and calamus as one of the important contents of the Dragon Boat Festival. For example, hanging wormwood on the door, "Jingchu Sui Shi Ji": "Collect moxa for people, hang it on the door, and use it to dispel poisonous gas." hole, but also deworming. In May, moxa contains the most moxa oil, (this is the period when the grass grows vigorously), so the effect is the best, and people rush to pick moxa. A few wormwood plants are often hung at the door of the house. Because of the special fragrance of wormwood, people use it to drive away diseases, prevent mosquitoes, and ward off evil spirits.


Eating Zongzi:


Zong, or "Zongzhen", commonly known as Zongzi, is made of glutinous rice and fillings, wrapped in Ruo leaves (or Hiiragi leaves), and has various shapes, such as pointed and square. Zongzi has a long history. It was originally a tribute used to sacrifice ancestors and gods. After it was introduced to the north, millet (millet produced in the north) was used to make Zongzi, which was called "corner millet". Due to the different eating habits of different regions, Zongzi have formed a north-south flavor; in terms of taste, there are two types of Zongzi : salty Zongzi and sweet Zongzi. The custom of eating Zongzi at the Dragon Boat Festival has been prevalent in China for thousands of years, and has become one of the most influential and widespread folk eating customs of the Chinese nation, and has spread to Korea, Japan and Southeast Asian countries.


Releasing paper kites:


kite, paste paper or silk on bamboo strips and other skeletons, pull the long string tied to it, and take advantage of the wind to fly into the sky. It belongs to a kind of aircraft that only uses aerodynamic power. In southern China, children release paper kites on the Dragon Boat Festival, which is called "Fang Calamity".


Drink cattail wine, realgar wine, cinnabar wine:


Drink cattail wine, realgar and cinnabar wine, and sprinkle with wine. "Jingchu Sui Shi Ji": "Use calamus or crumbs, and use cold wine." Pu wine is fragrant and refreshing. Later, realgar, cinnabar, etc. were added to the wine. Ming Feng Yingjing's "Yueling Guangyi": "Use cinnabar wine for five days to ward off evil spirits and detoxify, use wine to dye forehead, chest, hands, feet and heart, and there will be no danger of snakes (a poisonous snake mentioned in ancient books). Sprinkle walls, doors and windows to avoid poisonous insects." This custom is widely spread.

Medicinal materials include realgar, Zhu Lei, cypress seeds, peach kernels, cattail leaves, mugwort leaves, etc. After soaking in wine, people put calamus mugwort into the corners of the walls, doors, windows, and under the bed, etc., and then painted children's ears, nose, and navel with wine to drive away poisonous insects. From a health point of view, these activities are still scientifically justified. Adding water and wine to realgar and sprinkling it indoors can disinfect and sterilize it, and drinking cattail is also beneficial.


Avoid five poisons:


In the minds of ancient northerners, the Dragon Boat Festival is a poisonous day and an evil day. This idea has been passed down among the people, so there are various customs of seeking peace and avoiding the five poisons. In fact, this is due to the hot summer weather in the north, people are prone to get sick, and the plague is also easy to spread; in addition, snakes and insects reproduce and are easy to bite people, which formed this habit. Folks believe that May is when the five poisons (scorpions, snakes, centipedes, geckos, and toads) come and go, and various methods must be used to prevent the harm of the five poisons. Generally, a picture of the five poisons is pasted in the house, and the five poisons are printed and drawn on red paper, and then five needles are used to pierce the five poisons, that is, the poison is stabbed to death and can no longer run rampant. The folks also embroidered the five poisons on the clothes and embellished the patterns of the five poisons on the cakes, all with the meaning of repelling them.


After reading these, I believe you have a deeper understanding of the Dragon Boat Festival.

At last, Hebei Xiongan Share Technology Co., Ltd. all staff wish you good health and happy Dragon Boat Festival!


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